A wireless network is a digital computer network connecting radio waves to various ports or systems. To either achieve remote interconnections between endpoints, it can be associated with a telecommunications network.

The IEEE 802.11 standard, better known as Wi-Fi, is the most commonly used standard for wireless networks. Due to the low transmission power of current hardware solutions, the geographic radiation of the waves is relatively limited. For this reason, wireless networks have developed primarily as building-specific internal networks, either as a corporate network or as a home network in which ECS secures. Nevertheless, there have emerged large-scale network projects. For example, wireless networks cover some urban areas, either by specialized firms or by individual associations.

Different Network Types

  • Public applications (Hotspot)
  • Metropolitan networks
  • Mesh networks: self – configuring, infrastructure – free, sensor network
  • Municipal networks: voice and data management networks, a multi-services same architecture for public and private use.

Performance of Wireless Network

Each standard differs depending on the covered geographic distance and is, therefore, more tailored to the uses it targets than another. A wireless network’s performance can support a lot of applications like voice or video. This technology also makes it possible to anticipate future developments: for instance, trivializing the wireless network, allowing dynamic extensions through a hardware and software network configuration using advanced protocols.

Wireless networks enable equipment from a distance of ten meters to a few kilometers to be easily connected. In addition, installing such networks does not require heavy modifications of existing infrastructure, as is the case with wired networks (digging trenches for routing cables, cable building equipment, chutes, and connectors), which have earned rapid development of this type of technology.

The wireless network for homeowners is an efficient alternative for sharing printers, scanners and broadband connections to the Ethernet network. In terms of cost and installation time, the WLAN network is more economical than cables and allows the mobility of network-connected devices (laptops, smartphones). The wireless network requires only a wireless access point, which is directly connected via a router to the Internet.

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